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地球与行星物理

ISSN  2096-3955

CN  10-1502/P

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ATMOSPHERIC PHYSICS
A multi-location joint field observation of the stratosphere and troposphere over the Tibetan Plateau
JinQiang Zhang, Yi Liu, HongBin Chen, ZhaoNan Cai, ZhiXuan Bai, LingKun Ran, Tao Luo, Jing Yang, YiNan Wang, YueJian Xuan, YinBo Huang, XiaoQing Wu, JianChun Bian, DaRen Lu
Recently Published , doi: 10.26464/epp2019017
[Abstract](17) [FullText PDF 48664KB](1)
Abstract:
The unique geographical location and high altitude of the Tibetan Plateau can greatly influence regional weather and climate. In particular, the Asian summer monsoon (ASM) anticyclone circulation system over the Tibetan Plateau is recognized to be a significant transport pathway for water vapor and pollutants to enter the stratosphere. To improve understanding of these physical processes, a multi-location joint atmospheric experiment was performed over the Tibetan Plateau from late July to August in 2018, funded by the five-year (2018–2022) STEAM (stratosphere and troposphere exchange experiment during ASM) project, during which multiple platforms/instruments—including long-duration stratospheric balloons, dropsondes, unmanned aerial vehicles, special sounding systems, and ground-based and satellite-borne instruments—will be deployed. These complementary methods of data acquisition are expected to provide comprehensive atmospheric parameters (aerosol, ozone, water vapor, CO2, CH4, CO, temperature, pressure, turbulence, radiation, lightning and wind); the richness of this approach is expected to advance our comprehension of key mechanisms associated with thermal, dynamical, radiative, and chemical transports over the Tibetan Plateau during ASM activity.
Contemporary crustal tectonic movement in the southern Sichuan-Yunnan block based on dense GPS observation data
HongLin Jin, Yuan Gao, XiaoNing Su, GuangYu Fu
Recently Published , doi: 10.26464/epp2019006
[Abstract](23) [FullText PDF 0KB](2)
Abstract:
We analyzed 360 permanent and campaign GPS data from 1999 to 2017 in the southern Sichuan-Yunan block, and obtained crustal horizontal deformation in this region. Then, we derived the strain rate using a multi-scale spherical wavelet method. Results reveal a complex pattern of tectonic movement in the southern Sichuan-Yunnan block. Compared to the stable Eurasian plate, the maximum rate of the horizontal deformation in the southern Sichuan-Yunnan block is approximately 22 mm/a. The Xiaojiang fault shows a significantly lower deformation—a left-lateral strike-slip movement of 9.5 mm/a. The Honghe fault clearly shows a complex segmental deformation from the north to south. The northern Honghe fault shows 4.3 mm/a right strike-slip with 6.7 mm/a extension; the southern Honghe fault shows 1.9 mm/a right strike-slip with 1.9 mm/a extension; the junction zone in the Honghe and Lijiang–Xiaojinhe faults shows an obvious clockwise-rotation deformation. The strain calculation results reveal that the maximum shear-strain rate in this region reaches 70 nstrain/a, concentrated around the Xiaojiang fault and at the junction of the Honghe and Lijiang–Xiaojinhe faults. We note that most of the earthquakes with magnitudes of 4 and above that occurred in this region were within the high shear strain-rate zones and the strain rate gradient boundary zone, which indicates that the magnitude of strain accumulation is closely related to the seismic activities. Comparison of the fast shear-wave polarization direction of the upper-crust with the upper-mantle anisotropy and the direction of the surface principal compressive strain rate obtained from the inversion of the GPS data reveals that the direction of the surface principal compressive strain is basically consistent with the fast shear-wave polarization direction of the upper crust anisotropy, but different from the polarization direction of the upper mantle. Our results support the hypothesis that the principal elements of the deformation mechanism in the southern Sichuan-Yunnan block are decoupling between the upper and lower crust and ductile flow in the lower crust.
SPACE PHYSICS: MAGNETOSPHERIC PHYSICS
Electron acceleration in interaction of magnetic islands in large temporal-spatial turbulent magnetic reconnection
BoJing Zhu, Hui Yan, David A Yuen, YaoLin Shi
Recently Published , doi: 10.26464/epp2019003
[Abstract](42) [FullText PDF 49923KB](2)
Abstract:
A new combined Fermi, betatron, and turbulent electron acceleration mechanism is proposed in interaction of magnetic islands during turbulent magnetic reconnection evolution in explosive astrophysical phenomena at large temporal-spatial scale (LTSTMR), the ratio of observed current sheets thickness to electron characteristic length, electron Larmor radius for low-β and electron inertial length for high-β, is on the order of 1010–1011; the ratio of observed evolution time to electron gyroperiod is on the order of 107–109). The original combined acceleration model is known to be one of greatest importance in the interaction of magnetic islands; it assumes that the continuous kinetic-dynamic temporal-spatial scale evolution occurs as two separate independent processes. In this paper, we reconsider the combined acceleration mechanism by introducing a kinetic-dynamic-hydro full-coupled model instead of the original micro-kinetic or macro-dynamic model. We investigate different acceleration mechanisms in the vicinity of neutral points in magnetic islands evolution, from the stage of shrink and breakup into smaller islands (kinetic scale), to the stage of coalescence and growth into larger islands (dynamic scale), to the stages of constant and quasi-constant (contracting-expanding) islands (hydro scale). As a result, we give for the first time the acceleration efficiencies of different types of acceleration mechanisms in magnetic islands’ interactions in solar atmosphere LTSTMR activities (pico-, 10–2–105 m; nano-, 105–106 m; micro-, 106–107 m; macro-, 107–108 m; large-, 108–109 m).
SOLID EARTH: GEODESY AND GRAVITY
Choice of suitable regional and residual gravity maps, the case of the South-West Cameroon zone
Fidèle Koumetio, Donatien Njomo, Constant Tatchum Noutchogwe, Eric Ndoh Ndikum, Sévérin Nguiya, Alain-Pierre Kamga Tokam
Recently Published , doi: 10.26464/epp2019004
[Abstract](31) [FullText PDF 0KB](5)
Abstract:
The quantitative interpretation of gravity anomalies due to shallow structures needs separation between long wavelength anomalies (regional anomalies) and short wavelength anomalies (residual anomalies). The regional-residual field separation can be carried out using the polynomial method. In this case, the so-called regional field of order n is treated as a polynomial of degree n. The present study shows that the degree n must vary between a smallest value nmin and a maximum value nmax. This article presents a method to process gravity data that allows determination of nmin and nmax for a given study area. We apply the method to gravity data of the South-West Cameroon zone. In this chosen study area, we find that regional anomaly maps of orders ranging from 1 to 9 and residual anomaly maps of orders ranging from 1 to 8 can be used for suitable interpretation. The analyses show that one may need residual anomaly maps of several orders to perform satisfactory quantitative interpretation of the different intrusive bodies found in a given area.
SPACE PHYSICS: MAGNETOSPHERIC PHYSICS
Magnetosphere response to the IMF turning from north to south
JianYong Lu, HanXiao Zhang, Ming Wang, ChunLi Gu, HaiYan Guan
Recently Published , doi: 10.26464/epp2019002
[Abstract](36) [FullText PDF 0KB](0)
Abstract:
In this paper, the Space Weather Modeling Framework (SWMF) is used to simulate the real-time response of the magnetosphere to a solar wind event on June 5, 1998, in which the interplanetary magnetic field shifted its direction from north to south. Since most current models do not take into account convective effects of the inner magnetosphere, we first study the importance of Rice Convection Model (RCM) in the global model. We then focus on the following four aspects of the magnetosphere’s response: the magnetosphere’s density distribution, the structure of its magnetic field lines, the area of the polar cap boundary, and the corresponding ionospheric current change. We find that (1) when the IMF changes from north to south in this event, high magnetosheath density is observed to flow downstream along the magnetopause with the solar wind; low-latitude reconnection at dayside occurs under the southward IMF, while the magnetic field lines in the tail lobe caudal, caused by the nightside high latitude reconnection, extend into the interplanetary space. Open magnetic field lines exist simultaneously at both high and low latitudes at the magnetopause; (2) the area of the polar cap is obviously increased if the IMF turns from the north to the south; this observation is highly consistent with empirical observations; (3) the ionospheric field align current in the northern hemisphere is stronger than in the southern hemisphere and also increases as the IMF changes from north to south. SWMF with the Rice Convection effect provides reliable modeling of the magnetospheric and ionospheric response to this solar wind variation.
SPACE PHYSICS: MAGNETOSPHERIC PHYSICS
Excitation of extremely low-frequency chorus emissions: The role of background plasma density
XiongDong Yu, ZhiGang Yuan, ShiYong Huang, Fei Yao, Zheng Qiao, John R. Wygant, Herbert O. Funsten
Recently Published , doi: 10.26464/epp2019001
[Abstract](40) [FullText PDF 0KB](0)
Abstract:
Low-frequency chorus emissions have recently attracted much attention due to the suggestion that they may play important roles in the dynamics of the Van Allen Belts. However, the mechanism (s) generating these low-frequency chorus emissions have not been well understood. . In this letter, we report an interesting case in which background plasma density lowered the lower cutoff frequency of chorus emissions from above 0.1 fce (typical ordinary chorus) to 0.02 fce (extremely low-frequency chorus). Those extremely low-frequency chorus waves were observed in a rather dense plasma, where the number density Ne was found to be several times larger than has been associated with observations of ordinary chorus waves. For suprathermal electrons whose free energy is supplied by anisotropic temperatures, linear growth rates (calculated using in-situ plasma parameters measured by the Van Allen Probes) show that whistler mode instability can occur at frequencies below 0.1 fce when the background plasma density Ne increases. Especially when Ne reaches 90 cm–3 or more, the lowest unstable frequency can extend to 0.02 fce or even less, which is consistent with satellite observations. Therefore, our results demonstrate that a dense background plasma could play an essential role in the excitation of extremely low-frequency chorus waves by controlling the wave growth rates.
SOLID EARTH: SEISMOLOGY
Seismic evidence for the existence of an entrained mantle flow coupling the northward advancing Indian plate under Tibet
Yu Zou, XiaoBo Tian, YouQiang Yu, Fa-Bin Pan, LingLing Wang, XiaoBo He
Recently Published , doi: 10.26464/epp2019007
[Abstract](48) [FullText PDF 0KB](1)
Abstract:
The Tibetan Plateau, known as " the roof of the world” and " the third pole of the earth”, is a product of the collision between India and Asia during the last ~50 Ma. The regional tectonics–in particular, growth and expansion of the plateau–has been attributed primarily to deformation within the lithosphere. The role and pattern of the underlying asthenospheric flow, however, remain mostly unaddressed. In light of recent seismic tomographic images and published seismic anisotropic descriptions of the upper mantle, here we propose that an entrained mantle flow is likely to exist under Tibet, induced by the northward advancing Indian plate. The direction of mantle flow is characterized by a gradual rotation from northward in the south to eastward in the north as a result of deflection by the deep root of the Tarim block. The presence of an underlying mantle flow is not only able to account for the west-east oriented fast-axis of seismic anisotropy in northern Tibet, but can also adequately explain the sporadic null splitting in southern Tibet. Specifically, the null splitting results, at least in part, from upwellings of asthenospheric flow through tears of the underthrusting Indian plate that have been revealed by various seismic observations. The mantle flow may in turn promote the block extrusion under Tibet that has been observed in GPS measurements; hot asthenospheric upwellings may also lead to widespread post-collisional magmatism in southern Tibet.
SOLID EARTH: SEISMOLOGY
Crustal strain rates of southeastern Tibetan plateau derived from GPS measurements and implications to lithospheric deformation of the Shan-Thai terrane
KeLiang Zhang, ShiMing Liang, WeiJun Gan
Recently Published , doi: 10.26464/epp2019005
[Abstract](72) [FullText HTML](22) [FullText PDF 1999KB](6)
Abstract:
The link between the crustal deformation and mantle kinematics in the Tibetan plateau has been well known thanks to dense GPS measurements and the relatively detailed anisotropy structure of the lithospheric mantle. However, whether the crust deforms coherently with the upper mantle in the Shan-Thai terrane (also known as the Shan-Thai block) remains unclear. In this study, we investigate the deformation patterns through strain rate tensors in the southeastern Tibetan plateau derived from the latest GPS measurements and find that in the Shan-Thai terrane the upper crust may be coupled with the lower crust and the upper mantle. The GPS-derived strain rate tensors are in agreement with the slipping patterns and rates of major strike-slip faults in the region. The most prominent shear zone, whose shear strain rates are larger than 100×10–9 a–1, is about 1000-km-long in the west, trending northward along Sagaing fault to the Eastern Himalayan Syntaxis in the north, with maximum rate of compressive strain up to –240×10–9 a–1. A secondary shear zone along the Anninghe-Xiaojiang fault in the east shows segmented shear zones near several conjunctions. While the strain rate along RRF is relatively low due to the low slip rate and low seismicity there, in Lijiang and Tengchong several local shear zones are present under an extensional dominated stress regime that is related to normal faulting earthquakes and volcanism, respectively. Furthermore, by comparing GPS-derived strain rate tensors with earthquake focal mechanisms, we find that 75.8% (100 out of 132) of the earthquake T-axes are consistent with the GPS-derived strain rates. Moreover, we find that the Fast Velocity Direction (FVDs) at three depths beneath the Shan-Thai terrane are consistent with extensional strain rate with gradually increasing angular differences, which are likely resulting from the basal shear forces induced by asthenospheric flow associated with the oblique subduction of the India plate beneath the Shan-Thai terrane. Therefore, in this region the upper crust deformation may be coherent with that of the lower crust and the lithospheric mantle.

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GUEST EDITORIAL
Introduction to special section on the China Seismo-Electromagnetic Satellite and initial results
XuHui Shen, Qiu-Gang Zong, XueMin Zhang
2018, 2(6): 439 -443   doi: 10.26464/epp2018041
Abstract:
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REPORT
SPACE PHYSICS
Application system and data description of the China Seismo-Electromagnetic Satellite
JianPing Huang, XuHui Shen, XueMin Zhang, HengXin Lu, Qiao Tan, Qiao Wang, Rui Yan, Wei Chu, YanYan Yang, DaPeng Liu, Song Xu
2018, 2(6): 444 -454   doi: 10.26464/epp2018042
Abstract:
The China Seismo-Electromagnetic Satellite, launched into orbit from Jiuquan Satellite Launch Centre on February 2nd, 2018 , is China’s first space satellite dedicated to geophysical exporation. The satellite carries eight scientific payloads including high-precision magnetometers to detect electromagnetic changes in space, in particular changes associated with global earthquake disasters. In order to encourage and facilitate use by geophysical scientists of data from the satellite’s payloads, this paper introduces the application systems developed for the China Seismo-Electromagnetic Satellite by the Institute of Crustal Dynamics, China Earthquake Administration; these include platform construction, data classification, data storage, data format, and data access and acquisition.
 LETTERS
SPACE PHYSICS
Magnetic field data processing methods of the China Seismo-Electromagnetic Satellite
Bin Zhou, YanYan Yang, YiTeng Zhang, XiaoChen Gou, BingJun Cheng, JinDong Wang, Lei Li
2018, 2(6): 455 -461   doi: 10.26464/epp2018043
Abstract:
The High Precision Magnetometer (HPM) on board the China Seismo-Electromagnetic Satellite (CSES) allows highly accurate measurement of the geomagnetic field; it includes FGM (Fluxgate Magnetometer) and CDSM (Coupled Dark State Magnetometer) probes. This article introduces the main processing method, algorithm, and processing procedure of the HPM data. First, the FGM and CDSM probes are calibrated according to ground sensor data. Then the FGM linear parameters can be corrected in orbit, by applying the absolute vector magnetic field correction algorithm from CDSM data. At the same time, the magnetic interference of the satellite is eliminated according to ground-satellite magnetic test results. Finally, according to the characteristics of the magnetic field direction in the low latitude region, the transformation matrix between FGM probe and star sensor is calibrated in orbit to determine the correct direction of the magnetic field. Comparing the magnetic field data of CSES and SWARM satellites in five continuous geomagnetic quiet days, the difference in measurements of the vector magnetic field is about 10 nT, which is within the uncertainty interval of geomagnetic disturbance.
LETTERS
SPACE PHYSICS
The Electric Field Detector (EFD) onboard the ZH-1 satellite and first observational results
JianPing Huang, JunGang Lei, ShiXun Li, ZhiMa Zeren, Cheng Li, XingHong Zhu, WeiHao Yu
2018, 2(6): 469 -478   doi: 10.26464/epp2018045
Abstract:
Previous studies have reported that, before or after occurrences of strong earthquakes, some low earth orbit satellites recorded ionospheric disturbances, including electromagnetic emissions and plasma fluctuations over the epicenter region or its conjugate point. Theoretically speaking, due to some electromagnetic coupling effect, electromagnetic emissions from the earthquake preparation zone could propagate from the lithosphere to the atmosphere, and could reach the ionosphere, even up to the inner magnetosphere. This paper introduces the electric field detector (EFD) onboard the ZhangHeng-1 satellite (ZH-1). The EFD is designed to measure electric field fluctuations within the broad frequency range of DC to 3.5 MHz, divided into 4 channels: ULF (DC–16 Hz), ELF (6 Hz–2.2 kHz), VLF (1.8 kHz–20 kHz) and HF (18 kHz–3.5 MHz). The sampling rates of the channels are 125 Hz, 5 kHz, 50 kHz and 10 MHz, respectively. The EFD includes 4 spherical probes mounted on a over 4.5 m boom and an electronic box inside the satellite module. The resolution of the EFD is 1 μV·m-1·Hz-1/2 at frequencies from DC to 16 Hz, and the sensitivity is 0.1 μV·m-1·Hz-1/2 at frequencies from 6 Hz to 2.2 kHz, 0.05 μV·m-1·Hz-1/2 in the band 1.8 kHz to 20 kHz, and 0.1μV·m-1·Hz-1/2 from 20 kHz to 3.5 MHz. The dynamic range from DC to 20 kHz is over 120 dB, and over 96 dB from 20 kHz to 3.5 MHz. The EFD has two observation modes: survey mode and burst mode. The survey mode concentrates primarily on electric field power density values; the burst mode provides high sampling rate waveform data. The detailed configuration of the EFD onboard the ZH-1 is also introduced in this paper. During the six months’ orbit test phase, the EFD recorded a number of natural electromagnetic emissions. Preliminary analysis of these data suggests that the EFD performs well onboard the ZH-1 and is meeting the requirements of the scientific objectives of ZH-1.
LETTERS
SPACE PHYSICS
The Langmuir Probe onboard CSES: data inversion analysis method and first results
Rui Yan, YiBing Guan, XuHui Shen, JianPing Huang, XueMin Zhang, Chao Liu, DaPeng Liu
2018, 2(6): 479 -488   doi: 10.26464/epp2018046
Abstract:
The Langmuir Probe (LAP), onboard the China Seismo-Electromagnetic Satellite (CSES), has been designed for in situ measurements of bulk parameters of the ionosphere plasma, the first Chinese application of in-situ measurement technology in the field of space exploration. The two main parameters measured by LAP are electron density and temperature. In this paper, a brief description of the LAP and its work mode are provided. Based on characteristics of the LAP, and assuming an ideal plasma environment, we introduce in detail a method used to invert the I-V curve; the data products that can be accessed by users are shown. Based on the LAP data available, this paper reports that events such as earthquakes and magnetic storms are preceded and followed by obvious abnormal changes. We suggest that LAP could provide a valuable data set for studies of space weather, seismic events, and the ionospheric environment.
SPACE PHYSICS
Preliminary results of the High Energetic Particle Package on-board the China Seismo-Electromagnetic Satellite
Wei Chu, JianPing Huang, XuHui Shen, Ping Wang, XinQiao Li, ZhengHua An, YanBing Xu, XiaoHua Liang
2018, 2(6): 489 -498   doi: 10.26464/epp2018047
Abstract:
The high energetic particle package (HEPP) on-board the China Seismo-Electromagnetic Satellite (CSES) was launched on February 2, 2018. This package includes three independent detectors: HEPP-H, HEPP-L, and HEPP-X. HEPP-H and HEPP-L can detect energetic electrons from 100 keV to approximately 50 MeV and protons from 2 MeV to approximately 200 MeV. HEPP-X can measure solar X-rays in the energy range from 1 keV to approximately 20 keV. The objective of the HEPP payload was to provide a survey of energetic particles with high energy, pitch angle, and time resolutions in order to gain new insight into the space radiation environments of the near-Earth system. Particularly, the HEPP can provide new measurements of the magnetic storm related precipitation of electrons in the slot region, and the dynamics of radiation belts. In this paper, the HEPP scientific data sets are described and initial results are provided. The scientific data can show variations in the flux of energetic particles during magnetic storms.
SPACE PHYSICS
Analysis of GNSS radio occultation data from satellite ZH-01
Yan Cheng, Jian Lin, XuHui Shen, Xiang Wan, XinXing Li, WenJun Wang
2018, 2(6): 499 -504   doi: 10.26464/epp2018048
Abstract:
The electromagnetic satellite Zhangheng 01 (ZH-01) was successfully launched on February 2, 2018. The GNSS Radio Occultation (GRO) receiver on board the satellite is able to observe the occultation events of GPS and BeiDou navigation satellites. We analyzed the data acquired during the in-orbit testing period. We concludes that the GRO ionosphere inversion results are reasonable, the trend is correct, the satellite can observe about 600 ionosphere occultation events each day. The global coverage of more than 30000 consecutive GRO events in more than two months were analyzed and compared with COSMIC observations: both the GRO and COSMIC occultation can realize global coverage: the NmF2 and HmF2 global distributions are similar and change obviously with latitude. We used three digisondes at different latitudes to analyze and compare the spatio-temporally consistent GRO data: the RMSE of GRO NmF2 relative to digisonde is better than 9.41%, the correlation coefficient is better than 0.8682: the relative RMSE of HmF2 is better than 7.80% and the correlation coefficient is better than 0.7066.
SPACE PHYSICS
Preliminary observation results of the Coherent Beacon System onboard the China Seismo-Electromagnetic Satellite-1
Liang Chen, Ming Ou, YaPing Yuan, Fang Sun, Xiao Yu, WeiMin Zhen
2018, 2(6): 505 -514   doi: 10.26464/epp2018049
Abstract:
This paper reports, for the first time, observation results of the Coherent Beacon System (CBS) onboard the China Seismo-Electromagnetic Satellite-1 (CSES-1). We describe the CBS, and the Computerized Ionospheric Tomography (CIT) algorithm program is validated by numerical experiment. Two examples are shown, for daytime and nighttime respectively. The Equatorial Ionization Anomaly (EIA) can be seen, and the northern crest core is located at ~20°N in the reconstruction image at 07:28 UTC on 20 July 2018 (daytime). Disturbances are shown in the reconstruction image at 18:40 UTC on 13 July 2018 (nighttime). We find that beacon measurements are more consistent with ionosonde measurements than model results, by comparing NmF2 at three sites at Lanzhou, Chongqing, and Kunming; consistency with ionosonde measurements validates beacon measurements. Finally, we have studied Vertical Total Electron Content (VTEC) variations from ground to ~500 km (the height of CSES-1 orbit) and ratios of VTEC between beacon measurements and CODE (Center for Orbit Determination in Europe) data. VTEC variation from ground to ~500 km has a range of 7.2–16.5 TECU for the daytime case and a range of 1.1–1.7 TECU for the nighttime case. The Beacon/CODE ratio of VTEC varies with latitude and time. The mean Beacon/CODE ratio is 0.69 for the daytime case and 0.26 for the nighttime case. The fact that the nighttime case yields lower ratios indicates the higher altitude of the ionosphere during nighttime when the ionosphere is assumed to be a thin layer.
RESEARCH ARTICLES
SPACE PHYSICS
Examples of unusual ionospheric observations by the CSES prior to earthquakes
Rui Yan, XuHui Shen, JianPing Huang, Qiao Wang, Wei Chu, DaPeng Liu, YanYan Yang, HengXin Lu, Song Xu
2018, 2(6): 515 -526   doi: 10.26464/epp2018050
Abstract:
The CSES (China seismic electromagnetic satellite) was launched on February 2, 2018 in a circular polar orbit at an altitude of ~507 km. One of the main objectives of CSES is to search for and characterize ionospheric perturbations that can be associated with seismic activities, to better understand the generation mechanism of such perturbations. Its scientific payload can measure a broad frequency range of electromagnetic waves and some important plasma parameters. This paper is a first-hand study of unusual observations recorded by the CSES over seismic regions prior to four earthquakes with M >7.0 since the satellite's launch. CSES detectors measured irregularities near the epicenter of these four earthquakes. It is already clear that data from instruments onboard the CSES will be of significant help in studies of characteristics of ionospheric perturbations related to earthquakes and their generation mechanisms.
SPACE PHYSICS
The first joint experimental results between SURA and CSES
XueMin Zhang, Vladimir Frolov, ShuFan Zhao, Chen Zhou, YaLu Wang, Alexander Ryabov, DuLin Zhai
2018, 2(6): 527 -537   doi: 10.26464/epp2018051
Abstract:
In June 2018, for the first time, the SURA heating facility in Russia , together with the in-orbit China Seismo-Electromagnetic Satellite (CSES), carried out a series of experiments in emitting high frequency (HF) O-mode radio waves to disturb the ionosphere. This paper reports data from those experiments, collected onboard CSES, including electric field, in-situ plasma parameters, and energetic particle flux. Five cases are analyzed, two cases in local daytime and three in local nighttime. We find that the pumping wave frequencies f0 in local daytime were close to the critical frequency of the F2 layer foF2, but no pumping waves were detected by the electric field detector (EFD) on CSES even when the emitted power reached 90 MW, and no obvious plasma disturbances were observed from CSES in those two daytime cases. But on June 16, there existed a spread F phenomena when f0 was lower than foF2 at that local daytime period. During the three cases in local nighttime, the pumping waves were clearly distinguished in the HF-band electric field at the emitted frequency with the emitted power only 30 MW; the power spectrum density of the electric field was larger by an order of magnitude than the normal background, with the propagating radius exceeding 200 km. Due to the small foF2 over SURA in June at that local nighttime period,f0 in these three cases were significantly higher than foF2, all belonging to under-dense heating conditions. As for the plasma parameters, only an increase of about 100 K in ion temperature was observed on June 12; in the other two cases (with one orbit without plasma data on June 17), no obvious plasma disturbances were found. This first joint SURA-CSES experiment illustrates that the present orbit of CSES can cross quite close to the SURA facility, which can insure an effective heating time from SURA so that CSES can observe the perturbations at the topside ionosphere excited by SURA in the near region. The detection of plasma disturbances on June 12 with under-dense heating mode in local nighttime provides evidence for likely success of future related experiments between CSES and SURA, or with other HF facilities.
SPACE PHYSICS
A study on the energetic electron precipitation observed by CSES
YaLu Wang, XueMin Zhang, XuHui Shen
2018, 2(6): 538 -547   doi: 10.26464/epp2018052
Abstract:
High energy particles are the main target of satellite space exploration; particle storm events are closely related to solar activity, cosmic ray distribution, and magnetic storms. The commonly seen energetic particle (electron) precipitation anomalies include mainly the inner and outer Van Allen radiation belts, the South Atlantic Anomaly, and the anomalous stripes excited by artificial electromagnetic waves. The China Seismo-Electromagnetic Satellite (CSES), launched in February of 2018, provides a platform for studying ionospheric particle disturbances. This paper reports the first studies of electron precipitation phenomenon based on high energy particle data from the CSES. We find that the global distribution of electron fluxes in the low energy band (0.1–3 MeV) can relatively well reflect the anomalous precipitation belt, which is consistent with results based on the DEMETER satellite, indicating that the quality of the low-energy band payload of the CSES is good. In addition, this paper makes an in-depth study of the electron precipitation belt excited by the NWC artificial VLF electromagnetic transmitter located in Australia, which appears as a typical wisp structure on the energy spectrum. The magnetic shell parameter L corresponding to the precipitation belt ranges from 1.44 to 1.74, which is close to the L value (~1.45) of the NWC transmitter; the energy of the precipitation electrons is between 100 keV and 361.57 keV, among which the precipitation of 213.73 keV electrons is most conspicuous.
show more results
Corotating drift-bounce resonance of plasmaspheric electron with poloidal ULF waves
Qiu-Gang Zong, YongFu Wang, Jie Ren, XuZhi Zhou, SuiYan Fu, Robert Rankin, Hui Zhang
2017, 1(1): 2-12   doi: 10.26464/epp2017002
Ambient noise surface wave tomography of marginal seas in east Asia
Qing Wang, XiaoDong Song, JianYe Ren
2017, 1(1): 13-25   doi: 10.26464/epp2017003
A seismic model for crustal structure in North China Craton
TianYu Zheng, YongHong Duan, WeiWei Xu, YinShuang Ai
2017, 1(1): 26-34   doi: 10.26464/epp2017004
Thermal structures of the Pacific lithosphere from magnetic anomaly inversion
Chun-Feng Li, Jian Wang
2018, 2(1): 52-66   doi: 10.26464/epp2018005
Exact local refinement using Fourier interpolation for nonuniform-grid modeling
JinHai Zhang, ZhenXing Yao
2017, 1(1): 58-62   doi: 10.26464/epp2017008
Different earthquake patterns for two neighboring fault segments within the Haiyuan Fault zone
ZhiKun Ren, ZhuQi Zhang, PeiZhen Zhang
2018, 2(1): 67-73   doi: 10.26464/epp2018006
Radiation belt electron scattering by whistler-mode chorus in the Jovian magnetosphere: Importance of ambient and wave parameters
BinBin Ni, Jing Huang, YaSong Ge, Jun Cui, Yong Wei, XuDong Gu, Song Fu, Zheng Xiang, ZhengYu Zhao
2018, 2(1): 1-14   doi: 10.26464/epp2018001
Monitoring the geospace response to the Great American Solar Eclipse on 21 August 2017
Shun-Rong Zhang, Philip J. Erickson, Larisa P. Goncharenko, Anthea J. Coster, Nathaniel A. Frissell
2017, 1(1): 72-76   doi: 10.26464/epp2017011
The first joint experimental results between SURA and CSES
XueMin Zhang, Vladimir Frolov, ShuFan Zhao, Chen Zhou, YaLu Wang, Alexander Ryabov, DuLin Zhai
2018, 2(6): 527-537   doi: 10.26464/epp2018051
A simulation study of 630 nm and 557.7 nm airglow variations due to dissociative recombination and thermal electrons by high-power HF heating
Tong Dang, JiuHou Lei, XianKang Dou, WeiXing Wan
2017, 1(1): 44-52   doi: 10.26464/epp2017006

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